Publications

Niendam TA, Laird AR, Ray KL, Dean YM, Glahn DC, Carter CS (2012). Meta-analytic evidence for a superordinate cognitive control network subserving diverse executive functions. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neurosciences, Epub ahead of print.

Yoon JH, Nguyen DV, McVay LM, Deramo P, Minzenberg MJ, Ragland JD, Niendam T, Solomon M, Carter CS (2012). Automated classification of fMRI during cognitive control identifies more severely disorganized subjects with schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research,Epub ahead of print.

Minzenberg MJ, Carter CS (2012). Developing treatments for impaired cognition in schizophrenia. Trends in Cognitive Science 16:35-42.

Millan MJ, Agid Y, Brune M, Bullmore ET, Carter CS, Clayton NS, Connor R, Davis S, Deakin B, Derubeis RJ, Dubois B, Geyer MA, Goodwin GM, Gorwood P, Jay TM, Joels M. Mansuy IM, Meyer-Lindenberg A, Murphy D, Rolls E, Saletu B, Spedding M, Sweeney J, Whittington M, Young LJ. Cognitive dysfunction in psychiatric disorders: characteristics, causes and the quest for improved therapy. Nature Reviews/Drug Discovery 11:141-168.

Barch D M, Carter CS, Dakin SC, Gold J, Luck SJ, MacDonald A 3rd, Ragland JD, Silverstein S, Strauss ME (2012). The clinical translation of a measure of gain control: the contrast-contrast effect. Schizophrenia Bulletin 38:135-143.

Gold JM, Barch DM, Carter CS, Dakin S, Luck SJ, MacDonald AW 3rd, Ragland JD, Ranganath C, Kovacs I, Silverstein SM, Strauss M (2012). Clinical, functional, and intertask correlations of measures developed by the Cognitive Neuroscience Test Reliability and Clinical Applications for Schizophrenia Consortium. Schizophrenia Bulletin 38:144-152.

Henderson D, Poppe AB, Barch DM, Carter CS, Gold JM, Ragland JD, Silverstein SM, Strauss ME, MacDonald AW 3rd (2012). Optimization of a goal maintenance task for use in clinical applications. Schizophrenia Bulletin 38:104-113.

Ragland JD, Ranganath C, Barch DM, , Gold JM, Haley B, MacDonald AW 3rd, Silverstein SM, Strauss ME, Yonelinas AP, Carter CS (2012). Relational and item-specific encoding (RISE): Task development and psychometric characteristics. Schizophrenia Bulletin 38:114-124.

Silverstein SM, Keane BP, Barch DM, Carter CS, Gold JM, Kovacs I, Macdonald A 3rd, Ragland JD, Strauss ME (2012). Optimization and validation of a visual integration test for schizophrenia research. Schizophrenia Bulletin 38:125-134.

Ragland JD, Blumenfeld RS, Ramsay IS, Yonelinas A, Yoon J, Solomon M, Carter CS, Ranganath C (2012). Neural correlates of relational and item-specific encoding during working and long-term memory in schizophrenia. NeuroImage 59:1712-1726.

Carter CS, Minzenberg M, West R, MacDonald A 3rd (2012). CNTRICS imaging biomarker selections: Executive control paradigms. Schizophrenia Bulletin 38:34-42.

Solomon M, Frank MJ, Smith A, Ly S, Carter CS (2011). Transitive inference in adults with autism spectrum disorders. Cognitive Affective Behavioral Neuroscience 11(3):437-439.

Carter CS, Barch DM; CNTRICS Executive Committee (2012). Imaging biomarkers for treatment development for impaired cognition: report of the sixth CNTRICS meeting: Biomarkers recommended for further development. Schizophrenia Bulletin 38:26-33.

Solomon M, Smith AC, Frank MJ, Ly S, Carter CS (2011). Probabilistic reinforcement learning in adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Autism Research4:109-120.

Solomon M, Olsen E, Niendam T, Ragland JD, Yoon J, Minzenberg M, Carter CS (2011). From lumping to splitting and back again: Atypical social and language development in individuals with clinical-high-risk for psychosis, first episode schizophrenia, and autism spectrum disorders. Schizophrenia Research 13:146-151.

Solomon M, Miller M, Taylor SL, Hinshaw SP, Carter CS (2012). Autism symptoms and internalizing psychopathology in girls and boys with autism spectrum. In press. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 42:48-59.

Carter CS, Barch DM, Bullmore J, Buchanan RW, Butler P, Cohen JD, Geyer M, Gollub R, Green MF, Jaeger J, Krystal JH, Moore H, Nuechterlein K, Robbins T, Silverstein S, Smith EE, Strauss M, Wykes T (2011). Cognitive Neuroscience Treatment Research to Improve Cognition in Schizophrenia II: Developing imaging biomarkers to enhance treatment development for schizophrenia and related disorders. Biological Psychiatry 70:7-12.

Fornito A, Yoon J, Zalesky A, Bullmore ET, Carter CS (2011). General and specific functional connectivity disturbances in first-episode schizophrenia during cognitive control performance. Biological Psychiatry 70:64-72.

Mayda AB, Westphal A, Carter CS, Decarli C (2011). Late life cognitive control deficits are accentuated by white matter disease burden. Brain 134:1673-1683.

Walsh BJ, Buonocore MH, Carter CS, Mangun GR. (2011) Integrating conflict detection and attentional control mechanisms. In press, J Cognitive Neuroscience, 23:2211-2221.

Minzenberg MJ, Yoon JH, Carter CS. (2011) Modafinil modulation of the default mode network. In press. Psychopharmacology 215:23-31.

Lesh TA, Niendam T, Minzenberg M, Carter CS (2011). Cognitive Control Deficits in Sc hizophrenia: Mechanisms and Meaning. Neuropsychopharmacology 36:316-38.

Forster SE, Carter CS, Cohen JD, Cho RY (2011). Parametric manipulation of the conflict signal and control-state adaptation. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 23:923-35.

Ursu S, Kring AM, Gard M. Minzenberg MJ, Yoon JH, Ragland JD, Solomon M, Carter CS (2011). Prefrontal cortical deficits and impaired cognition-emotion interactions in schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatry 168:276-285.

Minzenberg MJ, Firl A, Yoon J, Gomes G, Rienking C, Carter CS (2010). Gamma oscillatory power is impaired during cognitive control independent of medication status in first episode schizophrenia. Neuropsychopharmacology 35:2590-9.

Hannula DE, Ranganath C, Ramsay IS, Solomon M, Yoon J, Niendam TA, Carter CS, Ragland JD 2010. Use of Eye Movement Monitoring to Examine Item and Relational Memory in Schizophrenia. Biological Psychiatry 68:610-6.

Krug MK and Carter CS (2010). Adding fear to conflict: a general purpose cognitive control network is modulated by trait anxiety. Cognitive Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience 10:357-71.

Ravizza S, Maua KC, Long D, Carter CS. (2010) The impact of context processing deficits on task switching in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research 116:274-9..

Yoon JHY, Maddock RJ, Rokem A, Minzenberg M, Ragland JD and Carter CS. (2010) GABA concentration is reduced in visual cortex in schizophrenia and correlates with orientation specific surround suppression. Journal of Neuroscience. 2010 Mar 10;30(10):3777-81.

Stoddard J, Niendam T, Hendren R, Carter CS, Simon TJ (2010). Attenuated positive symptoms of psychosis in adolescents with chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. Schizophrenia Research 118:118-21.

Van Veen V, Krug M, Schooler J, Carter CS. (2009) Neural activity predicts attitude change in cognitive dissonance. Nature Neuroscience. 2009 Nov;12(11):1469-74

Wendelken C, Ditterich J, Bunge SA, Carter CS (2009). Stimulus and response conflict processing during perceptual decision-making. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience. 9(4) 434-747.

Cho RY, Orr JM, Cohen JD Carter CS (2009) Generalized signaling for cognitive control. Evidence from post-conflict and post-error performance adjustments. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform. 35(4):1161-77.

Yoon JH, Rokem AS, Silver MA, Minzenberg MJ, Ursu S, Ragland JD, Carter CS (2009). Diminished orientation-specific surround suppression of visual processing in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin. 35(6):1078-84

Solomon M, Ozonoff SJ, Ursu S, Ravizza S, Cummings N, Ly S, Carter CS (2009). The neural substrates of cognitive control deficits in autism spectrum disorders. Neuropsychologia . 47(12):2515-26

Minzenberg MJ, Laird AR, Thelen S, Carter CS, Glahn DC (2009). Meta-analysis of 41 functional neuroimaging studies of executive function reveals dysfunction in a general-purpose cognitive control system in schizophrenia. Archives of General Psychiatry Aug;66(8):811-22..

Minzenberg MM and Carter CS. The Neuroschemistry of Rule Use (2009). Biological Psychiatry 15(66): 306.

Corbett BA, Carmean V, Ravizza S, Wendelken C, Henry ML, Carter C, Rivera SM (2009). A functional and structural study of emotion and face processing in children with autism. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging 173(3) 196-205.

Ursu S, Carter CS (2009). An initial investigation of the orbitofrontal cortex hyperactivity in obsessive-compulsive disorder: exaggerated representations of anticipated aversive events? Neuropsychologia. Aug;47(10):2145-8.

Freedman R, Lewis DA, Michels R, Pine DS, Schultz SK, Tamminga CA, Andreasen NC, Brady KT, Brent DA, Brzustowicz L, Carter CS, Eisenberg L, Goldman H, JavittDC, Leibenluft E, Liberman JA, Milrod B, Oquendo MA, Rosenbaum JF, Rush AJ, Siever LJ, Suppes P, Weissman MM, Roy MD, Scully JH Jr, Yager J (2009). Conflict of interest – an issue for every psychiatric. American Journal of Psychiatry 166(3):274.

Carter CS, Krug MK (2009). The functional neuroanatomy of dread: Functional magnetic resonance imaging insights into generalized anxiety disorder and its treatment. American Journal of Psychiatry 166(3):263-265.

Bhangoo RK, Carter CS (2009). Very early interventions in psychotic disorders. Psychiatric Clinics of North America 32(1):81-94.

Carter CS (2009). The ups and downs of emotion regulation. Biological Psychiatry 65(5):359-360.

Ursu S, Clark KA, Aizenstein HJ, Stenger VA, Carter CS (2009). Conflict-related activity in the caudal anterior cingulated cortex in the absence of awareness. Biological Psychology 80(3):279-286.

Barch DM, Carter CS, Arnsten A, Buchanan RW, Cohen JD, Geyer M, Green MF, Krystal JH, Nuechterlein K, Robbins T, Silverstein S, Smith EE, Strauss M, Wykes T, Heinssen R (2009). Selecting paradigms from cognitive neuroscience for translation to use in clinical trials: Proceedings of the Third CNTRICS Meeting. Schizophrenia Bulletin 35(1):109-114.

Aizenstein, H. J., Butters, M. A., Wu, M., Mazurkewicz, L. M., Stenger, V. A., Gianaros, P. J., Becker, J.T., Reynolds, C.F. III, Carter C.S. (2009). Altered functioning of the executive control circuit in late-life depression: episodic and persistent phenomena. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 17(1):30-42.

Barch DM, Braver TS, Carter CS, Poldrack RA, Robbins TW (2009). CNTRICS Final Task Selection: Executive Control. Schizophrenia Bulletin 35(1):115-135.

Carter CS, Barch DM, Gur R, Gur R, Pinkham A, Ochsner K (2009). CNTRICS final task selection: Social cognitive and affective neuroscience-based measures. Schizophrenia Bulletin 35(1):153-162.

Anderson JR, Carter CS, Fincham JM, Qin Y, Ravizza SM, Rosenberg-Lee M (2008). Using fMRI to test models of complex cognition. Cognitive Science.32:1323-1348

van Veen V, Krug MK, Carter CS (2008). The neural and computational basis of controlled speed-accuracy tradeoff during task performance. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 20(11):1952-1965.

Minzenberg MJ, Watrous AJ, Yoon JH, Ursu S, Carter CS (2008). Modafinil shifts human locus coeruleus to low-tonic, high phasic activity during functional MRI. Science 322(4908):1700-1702.

Lewis DA, Cho RY, Carter CS, Eklund K, Forster S, Kelly MA, Montrose D (2008). Subunit-selective modulation of GABA type A receptor neurotransmission and cognition in schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatry 165(12):1585-1593.

Ravizza SM, Anderson JR, Carter CS (2008). Errors in mathematical processing: The relationship of accuracy to neural regions associated with retrieval or representation of the problem state. Brain Research 1238:118-1126.

Yoon JH, Tamir D, Minzenberg MJ, Ragland JD, Ursu S, Carter CS (2008). Multivariant pattern analysis of functional magnetic resonance imaging data reveals deficits in distributed representations in schizophrenia. Biological Psychiatry 64(12):1035-1041.

Carter CS, Heckers S, Nichols T, Pine D, Strothers S (2008): Optimizing the design and analysis of clinical fMRI research studies. Biological Psychiatry 64(10):842-849.

Solomon M, Ozonoff S, Carter C, and Caplan R (2008). Formal thought disorder and the autism spectrum: relationship with symptoms, executive control, and anxiety. Journal of Autism Development and Disorders, 38(8):1474-1484.

Becker TM, Kerns KG, Macdonald AW 3rd, and Carter CS (2008). Prefrontal dysfunction in first-degree relatives of schizophrenia patients during a Stroop task. Neuropsychopharmacology 33(11):2619-2625.

Ursu S, Clark KA, Stenger VA, Carter CS (2008). Distinguishing expected negative outcomes from preparatory control in the human orbitofrontal cortex. Brain Research 1227:110-119.

Ravizza SM, Carter CS (2008). Shifting set about task switching: Behavioral and neural evidence for distinct forms of cognitive flexibility. Neuropsychologia 46(12):2924-2935.

Carter CS, Barch DM, Buchanan RW, Bullmore E, Krystal JH, Cohen J, Geyer M, Green M, Nuechterlein KH, Robbins T, Silverstein S, Smith EE, Strauss M, Wykes T, Heinssen R (2008). Identifying cognitive mechanisms targeted for treatment development in schizophrenia: an overview of the first meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Treatment Research to Improve Cognition in Schizophrenia Initiative. Biological Psychiatry64(1):4-10. .

Barch DM, Carter CS; the CNTRICS Executive Committee (2008): Measurement issues in the use of cognitive neuroscience tasks in drug development for impaired cognition in schizophrenia: A report of the second consensus building conference of the CNTRICS initiative. Schizophrenia Bulletin 34(4):613-618.

Yoon JH, Minzenberg MJ, Ursu S, Walters R, Wendelken C, Ragland JD, Carter CS (2008): Association of dorsolateral prefrontal cortex dysfunction with disrupted coordinated brain activity in schizophrenia: relationship with impaired cognition, behavioral disorganization, and global function. American Journal of Psychiatry165(8):1006-1014.

Minzenberg M and Carter CS (2008): Modafinil: A review of neurochemical effects and effects on cognition. Neuropsychopharmacology33(7):1477-502.

Krystal JH, Carter CS, Geschwind D, Manji HK, March JS, et al (2008). It is time to take a stand for medical research and against terrorism targeting medical research. Biological Psychiatry 63(8):725-727.

Salo R, Nordahl TE, Leamon MH, Natsuaki T, Moore CD, Waters C, Carter CS (2008). Preliminary evidence of behavioral predictors of recurrent drug-induced psychosis in methamphetamine abuse. Psychiatry Research 157(1-3):273-277.

Solomon M, Ozonoff SJ, Cummings N, Carter CS (2008). Cognitive control in autism spectrum disorders. International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience 26(2):239-247.

Wendelken C, Nakhabenko D, Donohue SE, Carter CS, Bunge SA. (2008). Brain is to thought as stomach is to ??. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 20(4):682-683.

Wendelken C, Bunge SA, Carter CS (2008). Maintaining structured information: An investigation into functions of parietal and lateral prefrontal cortices. Neuropsychologia 46(2):665-678.

Wagner A, Aizenstein H, Venkatraman VK, Fudge J, May JC, Mazurkewicz L, Frank GK, Bailer UF, Fischer L, Nguyen V, Carter C, Putanm K, Kaye WH (2007). Altered reward processing in women recovered from anorexia nervosa. American Journal of Psychiatry 164(12):1842-1849.

Carter CS, van Veen V (2007) Anterior cingulate and conflict detection An update of theory and data. Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience, 7(4)367-379.

Ladouceur CD, Dahl RE, Carter CS (2007). Development of action monitoring through adolescence into adulthood: ERP and source localization. Develpmental Science 10(6):874-191.

Ragland JD, Yoon JY, Minzenberg MJ, Carter CS (2007). Neuroimaging of cognitive disability in schizophrenia: Search for a pathophysiological model. International Review of Psychiatry 19(4):417-427.

Carter CS and Barch D (2007). Cognitive neuroscience-based approaches to measuring and improving treatment effects on cognition in schizophrenia: The CNTRICS initiative. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 33(5)1131-1137.

Minzenberg M and Carter CS (2007) The quest for developing new treatments from imaging techniques: promises, problems and future potential. Expert Opinion in Drug Discovery 2:1029-1033.

Goghari,VM, RehmK, Carter CS, MacDonald III AM (2007). Sulcal thickness as a vulnerability factor for schizophrenia. British J Psychiatry 191:229-233.

Carter CS (2007). Some rewarding insights into the cognitive and neurobiological basis of negative symptoms in schizophrenia. Biological Psychiatry 62(7):709-710.

Sohn MH, Albert MV, Jung K, Carter CS, Anderson JR (2007). Anticipation of conflict monitoring in the anterior cingulate cortex and the prefrontal cortex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the U.S.A. 104(25):10330-10334.

Ravizza SM, Robertson LC, Carter CS, Nordahl TE, Salo RE (2007). Is filtering difficulty the basis of attentional deficits in schizophrenia? Psychiatry Research 151(3):201-209.

MacDonald III AW, Carter CS, Flory JD, Ferrell RE, Manuck SB (2007). COMT Val158Met and executive control: a test of the benefit of specific deficits in translational research. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 116(2):306-312.

Brambilla P, MacDonald AW, Sassi RM, Johnson MK, Mallinger AG, Carter CS, Soares JC (2007). Context processing in bipolar disorder patients. Bipolar Disorders 9(3):230-237.

Anderson JR, Qin Y, Jung, K-J, Carter CS (2007). Information-processing modules and their relative modality specificity. Cognitive Psychology 54:185-217.

Siegle GH, Thompson W, Carter CS, Steinhauer SR, Thase ME (2007) . Increased amygdale and decreased dorsolateral prefrontal BOLD responses in unipolar depression: related and independent features. Biological Psychiatry61(2):198-209.

Goghari VM, Rehm K, Carter CS, MacDonald AW 3rd (2007). Regionally specific cortical thinning and gray matter abnormalities in the healthy relatives of schizophrenia patients. Cerebral Cortex 17(2):415-424.

Wu M, Rosano C, Lopez-Garcia P, Carter CS, Aizenstein HJ (2007). Optimum template selection for atlas-based sementation. NeuroImage 34(4):1612-1618.

Van Veen V and Carter CS (2006). Error detection, correction, and prevention in the brain: a brief review of data and theories. Clinical EEG Neuroscience 37(4)330-335.

Cho RY, Konecky RO, Carter CS (2006). Impairments in frontal cortical gamma synchrony and cognitive control in schizophrenia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the U.S.A. 103(52)19878-19883.

Van Veen V and Carter CS (2006). Conflict and cognitive control in the brain. Current Directions in Psychological Science 15(5):237-240.

Yoon JH, D’Esposito M, and Carter CS (2006). Preserved function of the fusiform face area in schizophrenia as revealed by fMRI. Psychiatry Research Neuroimaging 148(2-3)205-216.

MacDonald AW, Becker T, Carter CS (2006). Functional MRI study in cognitive control deficits in the healthy relatives of schizophrenia patients. Biological Psychiatry 60(11):1241-1249.

Lopez-Garcia P, Aizenstein HJ, Snitz BE, Walter RP, Carter CS (2006). Automated ROI-based brain parcellation analysis of frontal and temporal brain volumes in schizophrenia. Psychiatry Research Neuroimaging 147:153-161.

Carter CS (2006). Re-conceptualizing schizophrenia as a disorder of cognitive and emotional processing: a shot in the arm for translational research. Biological Psychiatry 60(11):1169-1170.

Wu M, Carmichael O, Lopez-Garcia P, Carter CS, Figurski JL, , Aizenstein HJ (2006). Quantitative comparison of AIR, SPM, and the fully deformable model for atlas-based segmentation of functional and structural MR images. Human Brain Mapping 27(9):747-754.

Forbes EE, May CJ, Siegle GJ, Ladouceur CD, Ryan ND, Carter CS, Birmanher B, Axelson DA, Dahl RE (2006). Reward-related decision- making in pediatric major depressive disorder: an fMRI study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry47(10)1031-1040.

Aizenstein HJ, Butters MA, Clark KA, Figurski JL, Stenger AV, Nebes RD, Reynolds CF III, Carter CS (2006). Prefrontal and striatal activation in elderly subjects during concurrent implicit and explicit sequence learning. Neurobiology of Aging 27(5):741-751.

Siegle GJ, Carter CS, Thase ME (2006). Use of FMRI to predict recovery from unipolar depression with cognitive behavior therapy. American Journal of Psychiatry 163(4):735-738.

Snitz BE, Macdonald AW III, Carter CS (2006). Cognitive deficits in unaffected first-degree relatives of schizophrenia patients: a meta-analytic review of putative endophenotypes. Schizophrenia Bulletin 32(1):179-194.

Carter CS (2006). Understanding the glass ceiling for functional outcome in schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatry 163(3):356-358.

Carter CS , Pine DS(2006). Polishing the windows of the mind. American Journal of Psychiatry 163(5):761-763.

Frank GK, Wagner A, Achenbah S, McConaha C, Skovira K, Aizenstein H, Carter CS, Kay WH (2006). Altered brain activity in women recovered from bulimic-type eating disorders after a glucose challenge: a pilot study. International Journal of Eating Disorders 39(1)76-79.

Carter CS (2005). Applying new approaches from cognitive neuroscience to enhance drug development for the treatment of impaired cognition in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin 31:810-815.

Cho RY, Ford JM, Krystal JH, Laruelle M, Cuthbert B, Carter CS (2005). Functional neuroimaging and electrophysiological biomarkers for clinical trials for cognition in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin 31:865-869.

MacDonald III AG, Goghari VM, Hicks BM, Flory JD, Carter CS, Manuck SB (2005). A convergent-divergent approach to context processing, general intellectual functioning and genetic liability in schizophrenia. Neuropsychology 19:814-821.

Rosano C, Aizenstein J, Cochran J, Saxton J, DeKosky S, Newman AB, Kuller LH, Lopez OL, Carter CS (2005). Functional neuroimaging indicators of successful executive control in the oldest old. NeuroImage 28:881-889.

Snitz BE, MacDonald A, Cohan JD, Cho RY, Becker T, ­Carter CS (2005). Lateral and medial hypofrontality in first episode schizophrenia: functional activity in medication-naïve state and effects of short term atypical antipsychotic treatment. American Journal of Psychiatry 162:2322-2329.

Kerns JG, Cohen JD, MacDonald AW, Johnson MK, Stenger VA, Aizenstein H, Carter CS (2005). Decreased Conflict and Error-Related Activity in the Anterior Cingulate Cortex in Schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatry 162:1833-1839.

vanVeen V, Carter CS (2005). Separating semantic conflict and response conflict in the Stroop task: A functional MRI study. Neuroimage 27:497-504.

Rosano C, Aizenstein HJ, cochran JL, Saxton JA, DeKosky ST, Newman AB, Kuller LH, Lopez OL, Carter CS (2005) Event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging investigation of executive control in very old individuals with mild cognitive impairment. Biological Psychiatry 57:761-767.

Barch DM, Carter CS (2005). Amphetamine improves cognitive function in medicated individuals with schizophrenia and in healthy volunteers. Schizophrenia Research. 77:43-58.

McGurk SR, Carter C, Goldman R, Green MF, Marder SR, Xie H, Schooler NR, Kane JM (2005). The effects of clozapine and risperidone on spatial working memory in schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatry 16:1013-1016.

Holmes AJ, MacDonald III A, Carter CS, Barch DM, Stenger VA, Cohen JD (2005). Prefrontal functioning during context processing in schizophrenia and major depression: An event-related fMRI study. Schizophrenia Research 76:199-206.

Barber AD, Carter CS (2005). Cognitive Control Involved in Overcoming Prepotent Response Tendencies and Switching Between Tasks. Cerebral Cortex 15:899-912.

MacDonald AW III, Carter CS, Kerns JG, Ursu S, Barch D, Holmes AJ, Stenger VA, Cohen JD (2005). Specificity of prefrontal dysfunction and context processing deficits to schizophrenia in never-medicated patients with first-episode psychosis. American Journal of Psychiatry, 162(3):475-484.

Ursu S, Carter CS, (2005). Outcome representations, counterfactual comparisons and the human orbitofrontal cortex: implications for neuroimaging studies of decision-making. Cognitive Brain Research 23(1):51-60.

Sohn MH, Goode A, Stenger A, Jung KJ, Carter CS, Anderson JR (2005). An information-processing model of three cortical regions: evidence in episodic memory retrieval. NeuroImage 25(1):21-33.

Rosano C, Becker J, Lopez O, Lopez-Garcia P, Carter CS, Newman A, Kuller L, Aizenstein H. (2005). Morphometric Analysis of Gray Matter Volume in Demented Older Adults: Exploratory Analysis of the Cardiovascular Health Study Brain MRI Database. Neuroepidemiology 24(4):221-229.

Barch DM, Carter CS, Cohen JD (2004). Factors influencing Stroop performance in schizophrenia. Neuropsychology 18:477-484.

Botvinick MM, Cohen JD, Carter CS (2004) Conflict monitoring and anterior cingulated cortex: an update. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (12):539-546.

Rogers RD, Ramnani N, Mackay C, Wilson JL, Jezzard P, Carter CS, Smith SM (2004). Distinct portions of anterior cingulate cortex and medial prefrontal cortex are activated by reward processing in separable phases of decision-making cognition. Biological Psychiatry 55(6):594-602.

Ridderinkhof KR, van den Wildenberg WPM, Segalowitz SJ, Carter CS (2004). Neurocognitive mechanisms of cognitive control: The role of prefrontal cortex in action selection, response inhibition, performance monitoring, and reward-based learning. Brain and Cognition 56(2):129-140.

Sohn MH, Goode A, Kodeigner KR, Stenger FA, Fissell K, Carter CS, Anderson JR (2004). Behavioral Equivalence, But Not Neutral Equivalence: Neural Evidence in Alternative Strategies in Mathematical Thinking. Nature Neuroscience 7(11):193-1194.

Nofzinger EA, Buysse DJ, Germain A, Carter CS, Luna B, Price JC, Meltzer CC, Miewald JM, Reynolds CF, Kupfer DJ (2004). Increased activation of anterior paralimbic and executive cortex from waking to rapid eye movement sleep in depression. Archives of General Psychiatry, 61:695-701.

Kerns JG, Cohen JD, Stenger VA, Carter CS (2004). Prefrontal cortex guides context-appropriate responding during language production. Neuron 43(2):283-291.

vanVeen V, Holroyd CB, Cohen JD, Stenger VA, Carter CS (2004). Errors without conflict: implications for performance monitoring theories of anterior cingulated cortex. Brain and Cognition 56(2):267-276..

Aizenstein HJ, Clark KA, Butters MA, Cochran JL, Stenger VA, Meltzer CC, Reynolds CF, 3rd, Carter CS (2004). The BOLD hemodynamic response in healthy aging. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 16 (5):786-793.

Qin Y, Carter CS, Silk EM, Stenger VA, Fissell K, Goode A, Anderson JR (2004). The change of the brain activation patterns as children learn algebra equation solving. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, U.S.A.. 101(15):5686-5691.

Anderson JR, Qin Y, Stenger VA, Carter CS (2004). The relationship of three cortical regions to an information-processing model. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 16(4):637-653.

Kerns JG, Cohen JD, MacDonald AW, III, Cho R., Stenger VA, Carter CS (2004).  Anterior cingulate conflict monitoring and adjustments in control.  Science 303:1023-1026.

May JC, Delgado MR, Dahl RE, Stenger VA, Ryan ND, Fiez JA, Carter CS (2004). Event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging of reward-related brain circuitry in children and adolescents. Biological Psychiatry 55(4):359-366.

Aizenstein H, Stenger V, Cochran J, Clark KA, Johnson M, Nebes R, Carter CS (2004). Regional brain activation during concurrent implicit and explicit sequence learning. Cerebral Cortex 14(2):199-208.